Myopia is the result of a long eye with the images focusing in front of the retina. Distance vision is affected and requires concave lenses for correction, thus reducing the images size on the retina. When myopes become affected by presbyopia they require bifocals or varifocal with reduced myopic correction in the lower segment of the spectacles lenses. Alternatively, if using contact lenses, they will need near vision half spectacles to be readily available.
Young myopes commonly see their refractive error increase until the age of about 25. Thus myopes under this age, particularly teenagers, should have their vision performance assessed more frequently, perhaps every two years.
A special eye report must or should be provided in the following circumstances:
An applicant with myopia who only meets the standards when using corrective lenses must have the medical certificate endorsed accordingly: